Whether it is the aroma of freshly baked biscuits, the sight of an illuminated Christmas tree, or the melodies of our favourite Christmas songs, the familiar senses of the holidays often spark treasured memories and feelings of nostalgia.
However, for the 55 million people worldwide that suffer from dementia, Christmas can often be a time of confusion, sadness, and anxiety. While people with dementia may be able to remember their dearest childhood, Christmas memories, their inability to identify the unfamiliar faces at the dinner table or the sudden change of home decor can be confusing and distressing. They may ask for someone who is no longer there or wonder why the house suddenly looks so different. Fortunately, there are measures you can take as a caregiver to ensure that both you and your loved one with dementia are able to enjoy the holidays together.
Gradually Introduce Change During Christmas
If you are one of the people that loves to decorate, your home can look like it went through a major makeover overnight. Decorations are fun to look at and can provide joy and comfort during the holiday season, but for dementia patients, the sudden change may further confuse them. However, this doesn’t mean that you have to doom your decorations to the dusty attic. Instead of putting up the tree, Christmas lights, and wreaths all at once, try making small, gradual changes every day. Try to avoid flashing lights that can cause people with dementia to become disoriented. Remember that dementia patients find comfort in familiarity, so maybe try to incorporate decorations that resemble the memories they still have of Christmas. This way, you both get to enjoy the decorations, without the stress that a sudden, new environment can cause them.
Try To Stick to Your Normal Routine
People with dementia cling to the consistency of routine. With the hustle and bustle of the holidays, it can be difficult to maintain your usual routine. However, even eating meals around the same time or having consistent bedtimes can provide comfort to dementia patients. Even if you need to rush to the shopping centre to pick up some last-minute gifts, make sure that your loved one is able to maintain some kind of routine during their day that allows them to feel secure and comfortable.
Have a Quiet Place to Recharge
It is no surprise that the holidays can be hectic. Easily excitable, screaming children, loud Christmas music, and boisterous laughter around the dinner table can be overstimulating for anyone, but especially for those with dementia. Sometimes it is not realistic or even possible to quiet the atmosphere that comes with young children, family pets, or the large Christmas crowds. This is why it is important to ensure that your loved one has a quiet place where they can be alone to rest and recharge if they become overstimulated or overwhelmed by their environment.
Bring Back Happy Memories (and Make Some More) with Photos and Music
Christmas is a holiday that has sentimental value for a lot of people. Although loved ones with dementia may have trouble remembering many of these precious moments, showing them old photos or playing familiar Christmas music can actually jog their memory and allow them to reminisce on holidays past. In fact, research has proven the powerful, positive effects that listening to music has on dementia patients and how it can help improve memory and mood.
Stimulate Them with Small, Seasonal Activities
Holiday fun does not have to involve grandiose activities like sledding or carolling. Involving the dementia patient even in small ways during the holiday season provides them with healthy stimulation that is not overwhelming and allows them to feel included in the festivities. Helping build a gingerbread house, watching a holiday film, baking, and wrapping presents together in a calm and quiet environment are all great activities to incoporate your loved ones in a simple way they can enjoy.
Create a Safe Environment
Because dementia does not just affect memory, but also cognitive function, it is important to make sure that the environment is safe for people with dementia. This could mean not placing lit candles as décor or removing tripping hazards from your home. Because dementia can impair depth perception and vision, this makes dementia patients more likely to fall. Beyond this, during advanced stages of dementia, people are likely to lose their motor skills and mobility, leaving them completely dependent on their caregivers. Consider increasing safety in the home by installing a stair lift that allows your loved one to move safely around the house, while reducing the risk of deathly falls.
Do Not Let Dementia Get You Down
Although dementia can be difficult to manage during the holidays, there are plenty of ways that you can help spread the warmth and cheer of the season to loved ones with dementia. Remember that love, understanding, and inclusion are the best gifts you can give to someone you care about.